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Important note: Authors of successful TESS proposals have exclusive right to TESS data for one year after the data from their studies are delivered to them. Consequently, only studies fielded more than one year ago are listed on this site. Studies are organized by the year in which the data was delivered to author(s). Field period dates on individual study pages reflect time of proposal acceptance to data delivery to author(s); data files indicate dates that survey was in the field. Affiliations and contact information of authors are updated periodically.

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How Conflict Orientation Influences Emotional and Political Responses to Incivility

Emily Sydnor, Southwestern University

Parental Incarceration and School Discipline: Examining the Effect of Parental Incarceration on Teacher Decision-Making

Emily Knaphus, University of Washington

Untangling a Dislike for the Opposing Party from a Dislike of Parties, Replication

Samara Klar, University of Arizona

Using Experiments to Estimate Racially Polarized Voting

Marisa Abrajano, University of California, San Diego

Public Perceptions of Money in Families

Joanna Pepin, University of Maryland

Conflict between curative and palliative goals among health care personnel: Elucidating psychological processes and resolving conflict through self-affirmation

Rebecca Ferrer, National Institutes of Health

Emotional Reactions to Terrorism and Candidate Evaluations

Jennifer Merolla, University of California, Riverside

Opting into Work-Family Policies: Comparing the Effects of Material and Cultural Concerns

David Pedulla, Stanford University

Do liberals and conservatives differ in attitudes towards new housing development? A conjoint experiment to understand ideology and the housing affordability crisis

Michael Hankinson, Harvard University

Gun Control, Attitude Change, and Bayesian Updating

Andrew Guess, Columbia University

The Emotional Substrates of Support for Authoritarian Populists

Carly Wayne, University of Michigan

Polls That Matter: Dynamics of Horse Race Polling and Public Evaluation of Poll Reports

Ozan Kuru, University of Michigan

The Electoral Consequences of Elite-induced Opinion Change

Erik Peterson, Stanford University

Understanding the Expense Prediction Bias

Chuck Howard, University of British Columbia

Explaining the Prevalence of White Biological Racism against Blacks

Spencer Piston, Syracuse University

Can We Reduce Affective Polarization in the Mass Public?

Matthew Levendusky, University of Pennsylvania

Influence of Affect on Philosophical Intuitions

Mirta Galesic, Max Planck Institute for Human Development

Portrayals of Serious Mental Illness: Precuror to Violence or Treatable Health Condition?

Emma McGinty, Johns Hopkins University

Untangling a Dislike for the Opposing Party from a Dislike of Parties

Samara Klar, University of Arizona

Which Economy? Class and Partisan Biases in the Acquisition of Economic Information

Ian Anson, University of Maryland, Baltimore County

Gender Identity and Diversity, Part 2

Aliya Saperstein, Stanford University

Is Modern Racism Caused by Anti-Black Affect? An Experimental Investigation of the Attitudes Measured by Modern Racism Scales

Ryan Enos, Harvard University

How Whites React to Demographic Change: Millenials, Identity, and Contact

Deborah Schildkraut, Tufts University

Does Transparency Affect Survey Research?

Yanna Krupnikov, Stonybrook University


Proposal to Replicate and Extend Seven TESS Studies

Alexander Coppock, Yale University

Preferences or Constraints? Education, Gender, and Parenting Attitudes

Patrick Ishizuka, Cornell University

Testing the Oportunity of Model of Beliefs about Economic Inequality

Leslie McCall, The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Black–White Relations in the Wake of Hispanic Growth: Generosity and Identification

Maria Abascal, Brown University

Understanding How Individual Differences and Context Shape Media Effects

Kevin Arceneaux, Temple University
Martin Johnson, Louisiana State University

Saving for retirement vs. Saving for a retirement with others: Motivating saving by framing retirement as a social experience

Aimee Chabot, Duke University
Hal Hershfield, University of California, Los Angeles
Christopher Bryan, University of Chicago

The Wages of Parenthood: At the Intersection of Sexual Orientation and Child Caregiving

Sascha Demerjian, Emory University

The Division of Labor in Same-sex and Heterosexual Households

Long Doan, Indiana University

Self-Affirmation and Defensiveness to Health Messages for the Self vs a Close Other

Rebecca Ferrer, National Cancer Institute
William M. P. Klein, National Cancer Institute

Self-Affirmation and Implementation Intentions: The Moderating Role of Discrete Emotion

Rebecca Ferrer, National Cancer Institute
William M. P. Klein, National Cancer Institute

(Ideo)Logical Reasoning: Ideology Impairs Sound Reasoning

Anup Gampa, University of Virginia

Symbols of Justice or of Social Control? Legal Authority and the Views of African Americans

James L. Gibson, Washington University in St. Louis; Stellenbosch University (South Africa)

Lay Benchmarking of a Minimum Meaningful Effect Size for Conceptual Outcomes

Roger Giner-Sorolla, University of Kent

Helping the Homeless: Empathy, Race, and Perceptions of Homelessness in America

Kimberly Gross, George Washington University
Julie Wronski, University of Mississippi
Robert Entman, George Washington University

On the Appeal of Libertarianism in the U.S. Public

Christopher Johnston, Duke University

Work and Democratic Citizenship: A Theory of Ego Depletion and Political Participation

Christopher Johnston, Duke University
Benjamin Newman, University of California, Riverside

Cross-National Replication of Questions Design Experiments

Jon A. Krosnick, Stanford University
Henning Silber, GESIS – Leibniz-Institute for the Social Sciences, Germany
Tobias Stark, University of Utrecht, Netherlands
Annelies Blom, University of Mannheim, Germany

Economic Spillovers of Political Polarization

Neil Malhotra, Stanford University
Matthew Levendusky, University of Pennsylvania
Yotam Margalit, Columbia University

What fosters patients’ acceptance of Clinical Decision Support Systems? The influence of knowledge and provider type on popular willingness to use artificial medical intelligence

Christopher McLaughlin, United States Air Force
Sue Tolleson-Rinehart, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Anthony Viera, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Precarious Sexuality and Categorization of Sexual Orientation

Trenton Mize, Indiana University

Misperceptions of the Global Income Distribution and Preferences for Cross-National Redistribution in the United States

Gautam Nair, Yale University

Americans' Views on Refusal of Services to Same-Sex Couples and Interracial Couples

Landon Schnabel, University of Indiana-Bloomington

Does Inequality Active the System Justification Motivation?

Kris-Stella Trump, Harvard University

The Barriers of Buying Happier Time

Ashley Whillans, University of British Columbia



The Victim Paradox: How Portrayals of Suffering Affect Attitudes about Gay People and Gay Rights

Seth K. Goldman, University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Political Effects of Large Number Estimation

Brian Guay, Duke University
David Landy, Indiana University

Do Voting Criteria Differ across Levels of the U.S. Federal System? A Conjoint Experiment to Understand Voter Decision-making

Daniel Hopkins, Georgetown University

Equal Representation Project

Joshua Kalla, University of California, Berkeley
Dawn Teele, University of Pennsylvania
Frances Rosenbluth, Yale University
Rachel Silbermann, Yale University

An Experiment Testing Six Formats of 0 to 100 Rating Scales

Mingnan Liu, University of Michigan

Do Better Labels Lead to Better Choices? Evidence from Energy Efficient Labels

Gilbert Metcalf, Tufts University

Randomized Drug Trials without Consent? The Public's Perspective

Rahul Nayak, National Institutes of Health

How Should We Measure the Perceived Ideological Position of the US Supreme Court

Michael Nelson, Pennsylvania State University

Can Women’s Representation Reduce the Effect of Stereotype Threat on the Gender Gap in Political Knowledge?

Frederico Batista Pereira, Vanderbilt University

Emotion and Response to Physician-Provided Genetic Weight Management Messages

Susan Persky, National Institutes of Health

Extreme Policy Proposals and Public Opinion

Erik Peterson, Stanford University

Body Size, Illness, and Blame: Causal Attributions and Social Consequences

Karen Powroznik, Stanford University

When is "Bad Stronger than Good" in Decision Making

Andrew Reed, Stanford University

Strategic Frames, Value Frames, and Citizen Reactions to Elite Polarization

Joshua Robison, Aarhus University
Kevin Mullinix, Northwestern University

Gender Identity and Diversity

Aliya Saperstein, Stanford University
Laurel Westbrook, Grand Valley State University

How Scientific Beliefs about the Causes of Homosexuality Influence Opinion on Gay Rights

Elizabeth Suhay, American University

Shifting Positions on Abortion

Michael Tomz, Stanford University

Leaders, the Public, and the Domestic Effects of International Law

Geoffrey Wallace, Rutgers University

A Piece of the Pie: Achievement, Children's Sex, and Parent Resource Distribution

Natasha Yurk, Indiana University



The Marginal Internality

Hunt Allcott, New York University

Americans' Support for Workplace Interventions for Combating Racial and Gender Bias: The Impact of Policy Justifications and Inequality Beliefs

William Bielby, University of Illinois at Chicago

Political Parties and Perceptions of Election Fraud

Emily Beaulieu, University of Kentucky

Solo and Selfish: The Effects of Social Distancing and Rejection Sensitivity on Greedy Behavior

Alexander Browman, Northwestern University

An experiment on the presumption of consent to emergency medical treatment

Winston Chiong, University of California, San Francisco

Clarifying the Ideal Worker Norm: Workplace Evaluations of Women by Motherhood Status, Level of Involvement, and Race

Kathleen Denny, University of Maryland

Intuitive Conservatives and Analytical Liberals: Ideology and Dual-Processing Theory

Kristen Deppe, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Improving Measurement of Self-Reported Health: Effects of Question Context and Response Order

Dana Garbarski, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The Salience of National Indentity and Americans' Orientations Toward Subgroups

Martin Gilens, Princeton University

Giving as Habit? Exploring Modes of Cognition and Charitable Donations

Jonathan Hill, Calvin College

Economists and Public Opinion: Expert Consensus and Economic Policy Judgments

Christopher Johnston, Duke University

On the Record: Selecting Representatives on the Basis of Pork or Policy

Travis Johnston, University of California, Berkeley

Impact of Response Scale Direction on Survey Responses to Factual/Behavioral Questions

Florian Keusch, University of Mannheim

Are Population-Based Survey Experiments Truly Unparalleled? A Test Using Parallel Designs

Thomas Leeper, Aarhus University
Kevin Mullinix, Northwestern University

Does Presidential Approval Influence Congressional Approval?: An Order Effects Experiment

Krista Loose, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Addressing privacy online: A Factorial Vignette Survey to Assess Privacy Expectations of Behavioral Advertising

Kirsten Martin, The George Washington University

Examining How Message Characteristics Influence Support for Gasoline Tax Increases

Aaron McCright, Michigan State University
Stanley Kaplowitz, Michigan State University

Effects of a Randomized Experiment Portraying Mental Illness and Drug Abuse as Treatable Health Conditions

Emma E. McGinty, Johns Hopkins

Moderating the Genetic Interpolation Effect

Alexandre Morin-Chasse, University of Montreal

Women on the Bench: Citizen Perceptions of Judge Sex and the Courts

Kjersten Nelson, North Dakota State University

Personality and Resistance to Persuasion

Carl Palmer, Illinois State University

Electoral Consequences of Policy Justifications

Erik Peterson, Stanford University

Attitudes, Rhetoric, and Acceptance of Political Compromise

Timothy Ryan, University of Michigan

Gender Targeting in Political Advertisements

Monica Schneider, Miami University of Ohio

The Marketplace of Ideas at War: Elites, International Law, and Public Support for Drone Warfare: Elites, International Law, and Public Support for Drone Warfare

Geoffrey P.R. Wallace, Rutgers University
Sarah E. Kreps, Cornell University

International Law and the Credibility of Commitments

Geoffrey P.R. Wallace, Rutgers University

What's the Best Way to Motivate Kids?

David Yeager, The University of Texas at Austin


Privacy in Context: Understanding User Privacy Behavior

Denise Anthony, Dartmouth College

The Flexible Correction Model and Party Labels

Daniel Bergan, Michigan State University

Unmasking Expressive Responses to Political Rumor Questions Using the List Experiment

Adam Berinsky, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Stigmatization as an Explanation for the Authoritarianism of the Uneducated

Mark Brandt, Tilburg University

Framing in Noisy Informational Environments

Jason Coronel, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Laws, Norms, and the Motherhood/Caretaker Penalty

Shelley Correll, Stanford University
Traci Tucker, Stanford University
Catherine R. Albiston, University of California, Berkeley

Is the Impending Majority-Minority United States Seen as a System Threat to White Americans?

Maureen Craig, Northwestern University
Jennifer A. Richeson, Northwestern University

Examining the ‘Raced’ Fatherhood Premium: Workplace Evaluations of Men by Race, Fatherhood Status, and Level of Involvement

Kathleen Denny, University of Maryland

The Legitimacy Conferring Capacity of the U.S. Supreme Court: The Influence of Institutional Symbols

James L. Gibson, Washington University in St. Louis; Stellenbosch University (South Africa)

Public Support for Bipartisanship in Congress: Who Compromises, How Much, and Under What Conditions?

Laurel Harbridge, Northwestern University

Attitudes toward the Employment of Mothers and Fathers

Jerry Jacobs, University of Pennsylvania

Informing the Public or Information Overload? The influence of school accountability data format and on public satisfaction

Rebecca Jacobsen, Michigan State University

Do Attempts to Improve Respondent Attention Increase Social Desirability Bias?

Jennifer Jerit, Stony Brook University

Bias and Credibility: Explaining Partisan News Choice

Dimitri Kelly, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Disaggregating the Costs of War: Explaining Resolve in Military Interventions

Joshua Kertzer, Dartmouth College

Gender and Non-Attitudes on Foreign Policy

Katja Kleinberg, Binghamton University

Self-Affirmation and Affect: Effects on Implementation Intentions

Amber Koblitz, National Cancer Institute

How Candidate Race Conditions Voter Responses to Negative Ads

Yanna Krupnikov, Northwestern University

Non-Traditional Candidates and Social Desirability Effects

Yanna Krupnikov, Northwestern University
Nichole Bauer, Indiana University
Spencer Piston, University of Michigan

Is Perceived Polarization a Self-Fulfilling Prophecy?

Matthew Levendusky, University of Pennsylvania

The Intersection of Religion and Politics: A Two-Way Street

Michele Margolis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Dangerous People or Dangerous Guns: The Effects of Policy Frames on Mental Illness Stigma and Support for Gun Control Policy

Emma McGinty, Johns Hopkins University

Race and the Obama Muslim Myth

Brendan Nyhan, Dartmouth College

Can We Finish the Revolution? Gender, Work-Family Ideals, and Institutional Constraint

David Pedulla, Princeton University
Sarah Thébaud, University of California, Santa Barbara

Terrorism Suspect Religious Identity and Public Support for Controversial Detention and Interrogation Practices

James Piazza, The Pennsylvania State University

Impressionable Attitudes: Re-examining the malleability of implicit attitudes

Kevin Pinkston, The University of Iowa

Believing in “global warming” versus “climate change”: Exploring the psychological mechanisms of a framing effect

Jonathon Schuldt, Cornell University

The Effect of Question Wording on Preferences for Prenatal Genetic Testing and Abortion

Eleanor Singer, University of Michigan
Mick P. Couper, University of Michigan

Exponential Growth Bias: Theory and Experiments

Joshua Tasoff, Claremont Graduate University
Matthew Levy, London School of Economics

Panel Conditioning in Longitudinal Surveys: An Experiment

John Robert Warren, University of Minnesota

Behavioral Reactions to Skin Infections: Informing Agent-Based Modeling of the MRSA Epidemic

Duane Wegener, The Ohio State University


Anxious Politics: The effects of immigration anxiety on trust and attitudes

Bethany Albertson, The University of Texas at Austin

Racial Prejudice and Paternalism in Mass Support for Foreign Aid

Andy Baker, University of Colorado at Boulder

Voting vs. Being a Voter: Exploring the Process Behind a Phrasing Effect On Turnout

Christopher Bryan, University of California, San Diego

To Do, to Have, or to Share? Valuing Experiences and Material Possessions by Involving Others

Peter Caprariello, Stony Brook University

User-Generated Political Communication: An Experimental Test of Perceived Credibility and Persuasive Impact

Erin Cassese, West Virginia University

Protest, Policing, and Perception

Christian Davenport, University of Michigan
Rose McDermott, Brown University

The Determinants of Congressional Voting

Kathleen Donovan, Appalachian State University
Matthew Lebo, Stony Brook University

Can masking of video data reduce perceived invasion of privacy?

Julie Downs, Carnegie Mellon University

Public Attitudes about Political Equality

Patrick J. Flavin, Baylor University

Assessing the Breadth of Framing Effects

Daniel Hopkins, Georgetown University

Do Injustice and Power Determine Anger and Fear Toward Terrorist Groups?

Roger Giner-Sorolla, University of Kent

Social Desirability Bias and Support for Military Veterans of the Iraq/Afghanistan Wars

Meredith Kleykamp, University of Maryland

Devaluation and Valuation in the Labor Market

Tamar Kricheli Katz, Tel Aviv University

An Experimental Investigation of the Rally Around the Flag Effect

Doug Kriner, Boston University

Inducing Partisan Disagreements About Political Facts

Benjamin Lauderdale, London School of Economics and Political Science

The Consequences of Construing Terrorist Attacks as Suffering versus Threat

Alison Ledgerwood, University of California, Davis

Political Grievances and Support for Terrorism: An Experimental Approach

Anthony Lemieux, Emory University

Displaced International Punishment

Peter Liberman, Queens College

Priming, Projection, or Both? Reevaluating the Classic Priming Hypothesis

Joel Middleton, New York University
Austin Hart, American University

Can an Attribution Frame Decrease the Impact of a Consideration on Presidential Approval?

Brian Newman, Pepperdine University

Smallpox Vaccine Recommendations: Could Trust be a Shot in the Arm?

John Parmer, University of Georgia

Gender and Physical Attractiveness as Status Beliefs

Samantha Paustian-Underdahl, Kennesaw State University

The Mechanisms of Labor Market Discrimination: How Sex, Gender Role, and Sexual Orientation Treatments Impact Evaluations of Black Male Job Applicants

David Pedulla, University of Texas at Austin

Xenophobic Rhetoric and Its Political Effects on Latinos

Efren Perez, Vanderbilt University

Determinants of Belief in Conspiracy Theories

Scott Radnitz, University of Washington

Electoral Choice and Political Participation

Jon Rogowski, Washington University in St. Louis

Campaign Funding Disclosures and Mass Attitudes

Michael Sances, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Collective Memory and Autobiographical Memory: Bridging the Divide

Howard Schuman, University of Michigan

Do Data Collection Procedures Influence Political Knowledge Test Performance?

Hillary Shulman, North Central College

Racial Appeals in a "Post-Racial" Environment

LaFleur Stephens, Princeton University

But how do you feel about climate change? Assessing affective reactions to climate change

Janet Swim, The Pennsylvania State University
Brittany P. Bloodhart, The Pennsylvania State University

Do Policy Defaults Communicate Choice-Relevant Information?

David Tannenbaum, University of California, Los Angeles

Terrorist Threat: Overreactions, Underreactions, and Realistic Reaction

Suzanne C. Thompson, Pomona College

Racial Bias in Perceptions of Others’ Pain

Sophie Trawalter, University of Virginia

Marketing genius: The influence of claims and cues on parents’ evaluations of baby videos

Sarah Vaala, University of Pennsylvania

The Reputational Consequences of International Law and Compliance

Geoffrey P.R. Wallace, Rutgers University


Gasoline Prices, Inattentive Consumers, and the Energy Paradox

Hunt Allcott, New York University

Anger: Racial Resentment Drives Opposition to Health Care Reform

Antoine Banks, University of Maryland

Big Trouble from Not-so-Little China: The Culture of Honor and Aggressive Opposition to China's Emergence as a World Power

Collin Barnes, Hillsdale College

Impact of Information Disclosure on the Attractiveness of a Social Network Site Profile

Lemi Baruh, Koç University
Chrisophe Bisson, Kadir Has University
Yoram Chisik, University of Madeira
Basak Senova, Freelance Curator and Designer

Perceptions of Diversity Across Groups

Christopher Bauman, University of California, Irvine

Weighing a Tie: Assessing Inaccuracies in the 2004 General Social Survey Network Items

Matthew Brashears, Cornell University

Boosting Voter Turnout by Invoking Identity

Christopher Bryan, University of California, San Diego

Communicating Uncertainty in the Reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

David Budescu, Fordham University

Taking Race at Face Value

Ruth Burke, University of Pennsylvania

The Case of the Stolen Initiative: Were the Voters Framed?

Craig Burnett, University of North Carolina at Wilmington
Vladimir Kogan, The Ohio State University

Assessing the Stability of Value Systems in the Mass Public

David Ciuk, Michigan State University

Perceptions of Islam, Migration, and Citizenship in the United States: A List Experiment

Mathew Creighton, Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Behind The Legal Shield: International Law, Territorial Settlements and Domestic Punishment

Sarah Croco, University of Maryland

Testing Ideological Social Identity’s Effects in Party Primaries Versus General Elections

Christopher Devine, Mount Vernon Nazarene University

Does Racial Bias Influence Support for Sentencing Juveniles to Life in Prison Without the Possibility of Parole?

Aneeta Rattan, Stanford University
Jennifer Eberhardt, Stanford University
Cynthia Levine, Stanford University
Carol S. Dweck, Stanford University

Understanding How Policy Venue Influences Public Opinion

Alison Gash, University of Oregon
Michael Murakami, Georgetown University

Race and Big Government in the Age of Obama

Paul Goren, University of Minnesota

Does an Anchoring Vignette Character’s Sex Affect Respondents’ Ratings?

Hanna Grol-Prokopcyzk, University at Buffalo

Experiments to Reduce the Overreporting of Voting: A Pipeline to the Truth

Michael Hanmer, University of Maryland

Gender Stereotypes in Contexts of Terror Threat

Mirya R. Holman, Florida Atlantic University
Jennifer L. Merolla, Claremont Graduate University
Elizabeth J. Zechmeister, Vanderbilt University

An Experiment in the Measurement of Social and Economic Ideology

Natalie Jackson, Duke University

Civilian casualties and support for war: A comparative study

Robert Johns, University of Essex

Gender Threat, Emotional Expressiveness, and Gender Differences in Risk Ratings

Branden Johnson, Decision Research

Consequences of Violent Political Rhetoric

Nathan Kalmoe, George Washington University

Risk Orientations, Status Quo Frames, and Electoral Choice

Cindy Kam, Vanderbilt University
Elizabeth Simas, University of Houston

Is Congress More Polarized than the Public Because it is More Informed than the Public?

Benjamin Lauderdale, London School of Economics and Political Science

Party over Policy or Policy over Party? The Moderating Role of Partisan Ambivalence

Howard Lavine, University of Minnesota

Knowledge, Social Constraint, and Self-Doubt: Mechanisms of Social Network Influence on Attitude Strength

Lindsey Levitan, Stony Brook University

The Effects of Racist and Racial Appeals on White Voters

Charlton McIlwain, New York University
Stephen Maynard Caliendo, North Central College

Patient Responses to Medical Error Disclosure: Does Compensation Matter?

Michelle Mello, Harvard University

Men's (Mis)Perceptions of the Stigma of Unemployment

Kenneth Michniewicz, University of South Florida
Joseph A. Vandello, University of South Florida
Jennifer K. Bosson, University of South Florida

The Intersection of Group and Outcome Frames in Shaping Opinion

Carl Palmer, Illinois State University

Weight-Based Discrimination at Work

Genevieve Pham-Kanter, University of Colorado, Denver

Campaigning with Class: The Impact of Candidate Class Background and Current Socio-Economic Achievement on Voters’ Evaluations

Meredith Sadin, Princeton University

Genetic Genealogy as a Window into Genomic Science: Racial Boundary Blurring and Reification

Maya Sen, University of Rochester
Jennifer Hochschild, Harvard University

Fairness and Favorability Assessments of Differential Parental Investment in the U.S.

Sebastian Schnettler, University of Konstanz

Why Hillary Rodham Became Hillary Clinton: Consequences of Non-Traditional Last Name Choice in Marriage

Emily Shafer, Portland State University

When Others' Disbelief Engenders Prejudice: Characterizing Anti-Atheist Bias in America

Lawton Swan, University of Florida
Martin Heesacker, University of Florida

Environmental Values, Beliefs, and Behavior

Mohana Turaga, Indian Institute of Technology

International Law and Public Attitudes toward the Use of Torture

Geoffrey P.R. Wallace, Rutgers University

Understanding the Role of Religious Appeals in Political Communication

Christopher Weber, University of Arizona
Matthew Thornton, Louisiana State University

Testing the Effects of Message Framing on Support for Poverty Relief

Robb Willer, Stanford University


Mobilizing Collective Identity: Frames & Rational Individuals

Christy Aroopala, Decision Information Resources, Inc.

Don't Tread on Me: The Culture of Honor and Militant Responses to Terrorism

Collin Barnes, Hillsdale College

Assessing the Prevalence of Socially Undesirable Opinions: The Use of the Double List Experiment for Variance Reduction and Diagnostics

Adam Berinsky, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Adam Glynn, Harvard University

Onset and Offset Controllability in Perceptions and Reactions to Home Mortgage Foreclosures

Mark Brandt, Tilburg University

Vignette Study on Web Paradata

Mick P. Couper, University of Michigan
Eleanor Singer, University of Michigan

Legislators or Delegates? Assessing Citizens Stated and Revealed Preferences

David Doherty, Loyola University Chicago

Self-Regulatory Failure and Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration

Eli Finkel, Northwestern University

The Effect of Political and Expert Controversy on Public Opinion: The Case of HPV Vaccine Mandates

Erika Fowler, Wesleyan University

Judicial Impartiality, Campaign Contributions, and Recusals: Results from a National Survey

James L. Gibson, Washington University in St. Louis; Stellenbosch University (South Africa)

Linked Fate, Context Effects, and Group Comparisons

Jennifer Hochschild, Harvard University
Claudine Gay, Harvard University

Attitudes towards Risk and Electoral Decision-Making

Cindy Kam, Vanderbilt University

Experiments in the Survey Estimation of the Prevalence and Incidence of Defensive Gun Use

Gary Kleck, Florida State University

The War at Home: Attitudes Toward Veterans Returning from Iraq

Meredith Kleykamp, University of Maryland

What not to Say when Asking for Donations: How the Content of Requests Affects Participation

Adam Seth Levine, Cornell University

How to Measure Willingness to Engage in Political Action

Adam Seth Levine, Cornell University
Yanna Krupnikov, Northwestern University

Racial Appeals and Political Campaigns in a Diversifying Society

Natalie Masuoka, Tufts University

Reframing the Marriage Debate: Wording, Context, and Intensity of Support for Marriage and Civil Unions

Brian J. McCabe, Georgetown University
Jennifer A. Heerwig, Stony Brook University

"White" or "European American"? Self-identifying labels influence majority group members' interethnic attitudes

Kimberly Rios Morrison, Ohio University

The Disutility of Injustice

Paul H. Robinson, University of Pennsylvania
Geoffrey P. Goodwin, University of Pennsylvania

Black Elite Rhetoric and American Public Opinion

Lester K. Spence, Johns Hopkins University
Byron D'Andra Orey, Jackson State University

Does Mentioning ‘Some People’ and ‘Other People’ in an Attitude Question Improve Measurement Quality?

David Scott Yeager, The University of Texas at Austin
Jon Krosnick, Stanford University


The Effect of Visual Imagery on the Formulation of Risk Perceptions

Aruna Balakrishnan, Carnegie Mellon University
Sara Kiesler, Carnegie Mellon University
Susan Fussell, Cornell University

Discomfort in Disagreement with God

Benjamin Converse, University of Virgina
Nicholas Epley, University of Chicago

Looking Weak in the War on Terror: Policy Consistency and International Reputations for Resolve

Sarah E. Croco, University of Maryland

Regulatory Focus as a Determinant of Feelings of Ambivalence and Ambivalence Reduction

Kenneth G. DeMarree, University at Buffalo
S. Christian Wheeler, Stanford University

Elite cues and Emotion

Shana Kushner Gadarian, Syracuse University

Fear and Learning in the Immigration Debate

Shana Kushner Gadarian, Syracuse University
Bethany Albertson, University of Texas at Austin

Providential Religious Beliefs and U.S. Foreign Policy

Rebecca A. Glazier, University of Arkansas at Little Rock

Two-Sided Messages and Pandemic Flu: Persuading the Public to Follow Contradictory Government Directives

Karen Hilyard, University of Georgia

About Face: The Association between Facial Appearance and Status Attainment among Military Personnel

Thomas R. Hochschild Jr., Valdosta State University
Casey Borch, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Local and National Influences on Inter-group Attitudes

Daniel Hopkins, Georgetown University
Van C. Tran, Columbia University
Abigail Fisher Williamson, Trinity College

Question Order Effects on Reported Memories and Perceptions Regarding the Iraq War

Gary C. Jacobson, University of California, San Diego

Perceptions of Swearing: An Analysis of Perceived Face Threats and Communication Competence

Danette Ifert Johnson, Ithaca College

Risk Attitudes and Bioterrorism

Cindy D. Kam, Vanderbilt University
Elizabeth N. Simas, University of Houston

Cultural Affinities, Regime Type, and Foreign Policy Opinion Formation

Bethany Lacina, University of Rochester
Charlotte Lee, Hamilton College

Bridging Partisan Divisions over Anti-Terrorism Policies: The Role of Threat Perceptions

Neil Malhotra, Stanford University
Elizabeth Popp, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign

More than Ideology: Conservative-Liberal Identity and Receptivity to Political Cues

Ariel Malka, Yeshiva University

Revealing the 'Hidden Welfare State': How Policy Information Influences Public Attitudes About Tax Expenditures

Suzanne Mettler, Cornell University
Matt Guardino, Providence College

Altruism verus Induced Empathy in Recruitment for Blood Donation

Tammon Nash, University of Michigan

Church or State?: The Effect of Religious Cues on Political Judgement

Elizabeth N. Simas, University of Houston

Motivating Emergency Preparedness Behaviors: The Effects of Guilt Appeals and Guilty Feelings

Monique Mitchell Turner, George Washington University

An Experimental Study of the Effects of Government Terror Warnings on Political Attitudes

Robb Willer, Stanford University


With God on Our Side

Benjamin Converse, University of Virginia
Nicholas Epley, University of Chicago

Changing Horses Midstream: Leadership Turnover and War Outcomes

The effects of gender and power on persuasion

Looking to the Future: How Political Rhetoric Shapes Policy Opinions

The Age-Gender Interaction Effect on Status Expectations: Investigation and Career Implications

The Effect of Personal Experience and Mass Media on Public Confidence in Two Important Industries: Aviation and Medical Care

Sources of Blame Attribution: Citizen Attitudes Towards Public Officials after 9/11

Social Desirability Bias in Estimated Support for a Black Presidential Candidate

Predictors of Activism and Radicalism: past activism, past radicalism and grievance against the government.

Clark McCauley, Bryn Mawr College

Do International Legal Norms Affect Citizens' Willingness to Punish Foreign Human Rights Violations?

Tonya Putnam, Columbia University
Jacob Shapiro, Princeton University

Nature or Nurture?: Explanations for Observed Gender Differences and their Effect on Gender Ideology and Political Opinions


Effects of Outgroup Friendship Salience on Outgroup Attitudes and Moderating Conditions

Arthur Aron, State University of New York at Stony Brook

Non-Verbal Cues in Politics: Assessing the Interaction between Facial Similarity, Gender, and Candidate Visibility

Jeremy Bailenson, Stanford University
Shanto Iyengar, Stanford University

Ethnicity and Episodic Framing in the Wake of Hurricane Katrina

Motivational Mechanisms and Hazing Behavior

Aldo Cimino, University of California, Santa Barbara

The Candidate Evaluation Experiment: Testing Proximity and Directional Predictions on Policy Issues and Ideology

From the Eye of the Beholder: Attitudes about Physical Attractiveness and their Social and Demographic Correlates

How Causal Attributions Influence Attitudes about Affirmative Action

After the Storms: Anticipated Effects of Gasoline Prices on Health Behaviors and Health-Related Consumption

The Political Impact of Message Attributes from Religious Elites

The Appropriateness of Retaliatory Violence: Effects of Gender and Relationship

Scott Feld, Purdue University
Richard Felson, Pennsylvania State University

A randomized experiment on the determinants of generosity to the poor

Government Responsibility Attributions and the Room to Maneuver Debate

John R. Freeman, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

Market Populism, Cultural Conservatism and Limited Government: Examining the Complexities of Contemporary Political Ideologies

The Role of News Media and Stereotypes in Hip-hop’s Bad Rap: Insights into narratives, movements, public opinion, and U.S. race relations.

Philip Garland, Communication Leadership

Experiments to understand how Americans react to new election procedures

Michael J. Hanmer, University of Maryland at College Park
Fred Conrad, University of Michigan
Michael Traugott, University of Michigan

Priming to Improve Survey Measurement through Anchoring Vignettes

Daniel Hopkins, Georgetown University
Gary King, Harvard University

Political Elites and Public Support for War

William Howell, University of Chicago
Douglas Kriner, Boston University

The List Experiment as an Unobtrusive Measure of Attitudes Toward Immigration and Same-Sex Marriages

Alexander L. Janus, University of Oxford

Sources of Individual Self-Identification: An Experimental Approach

Alexander Kuo, Cornell University
Yotam Margalit, Columbia University

Do People Agree on how much Punishment fits Crimes?

The Interaction of Fear and Framing in Influencing Perceptions of the Social Security Debate: An Internet Experiment

Assigning Blame: The Public’s Response to Hurricane Katrina

Who Deserves a Helping Hand?: Attitudes about Government Assistance for the Unemployed by Race, Incarceration Status, and Worker History

Devah Pager, Harvard University

The impact of genetic causation of mental illness on attitudes and beliefs toward the illness

Jo Phelan, Columbia University

Perceiving Neighborhoods: Exploring the Effects of Subjective Evaluations on the Process of Social Organization

Does Self-Reported News Exposure Measure Political Interest, not Actual Exposure?

Markus Prior, Princeton University

Reducing Intergroup Bias: Does Dual Identification Help or Harm?

Elmar Schlueter, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen
Oliver Christ, Philipps- University of Marburg

Courting the Public: Judicial Behavior and Public Views of Court Decisions

The Impact of Information from similar or different advisors on judgment

Yue (Jen) Shang, Indiana University
Francesca Gino, Harvard University
Rachel Croson, University of Texas at Dallas

American Attitudes Toward the International Criminal Court: Framing Effects, Endorsement Effects, and the Idea of Multilateral Justice

Beth Simmons, Harvard University
Michael Hiscox, Harvard University

Estimating Number of Lifetime Sexual Partners: A Strategy Activation Study

Robert C. Sinclair, Laurentian University
Sean E. Moore, University of Alberta

Testing the Generalizability of the Moral Mandate Effect Under Conditions of Personal Voice

Linda J. Skitka, University of Illinois at Chicago

Internalized Consensus: The Effect of Episodic Narratives on HIV/AIDS attitudes among African Americans

Reactions to Katrina: Emotions, Stereotypes, and Policy Evaluation


Who Moves Presidential Approval?

Scott Althaus, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Going Against the Grain: The Intersection of Framing, Source Credibility, and Predispositions

Kevin Arceneaux, Temple University

Public Reaction to Military versus Private Security Deaths in Iraq

Deborah Avant, University of Denver
Lee Sigelman, George Washington University

Statistical Discrimination, Stereotyping, and Evaluations of Worker Productivity

Stephen W. Benard, Indiana University

Generalization of the Valence Framing Effect

George Bizer, Union College
Jeff Larsen, The University of Tennessee

When "No" Means "Yes": Measuring Social Desirability Effects on the Expression of Biological Concepts of Race

Hannah Brueckner, New York University Abu Dhabi
Alondra Nelson, Columbia University
Ann Morning, New York University

Exploring the Dynamics of Personal Threat: The Effects of Anxiety on Policy Preferences

Erin Cassese, West Virginia University
Stanley Feldman, State University of New York at Stony Brook

Moral Luck, Loss of Chance, and Legal Liability

John Darley, Princeton University
Lawrence Solan, Brooklyn Law School

Motivational Systems in Political Collective Action: Managing Free Riders, Exiters, and Recruits

Andrew W. Delton, University of California, Santa Barbara
Leda Cosmides, University of California, Santa Barbara

Party Responsiveness and Mandate Balancing

James Fowler, University of California, San Diego

Effects of Ostracism and Stigma on Self-Esteem

Stephanie Goodwin, Wright State University
Kipling Williams, Purdue University

In the Eye of the Beholder: How Information Shortcuts Shape Individual Perceptions of Bias in the Media

Phil Gussin, University of California, Los Angeles
Matthew Baum, Harvard University

Value Choices in the Mass Public: Testing for Framing Effects and Hierarchical Structure

William G. Jacoby, Michigan State University

Politeness Theory and Conversational Refusals

Danette Ifert Johnson, Ithaca College

The Impact of Federalism on Citizen Support for Legislative Action

Cindy Kam, Vanderbilt University
Robert Mikos, Vanderbilt University

Effect of mood on creativity

Chu Kim-Prieto, The College of New Jersey
Ed Diener, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign

Maintaining a Sense of Belonging among the Socially Isolated

Megan L. Knowles, Franklin & Marshall College
Wendi L. Gardner, Northwestern University

Question Order Effects on Political Interest Reports

Dominic L. Lasorsa, University of Texas at Austin

Effects of Rejection on Multiple Relationships

Edward Lemay, University of Maryland

Public Opinion of Congress a Causal Examination

Monika L McDermott, Fordham University
David R. Jones, City University of New York, Baruch College

Public Attitudes Towards a Supplementary Income Program for Low-wage Workers: A Study of the Effects of Framing, Distributive Justice Criteria and Material Interests

Pablo A. Mitnik, Stanford University

Measuring Teenage Pregnancy Norms and Their Effect on Resource Provision

Stefanie Bailey Mollborn, University of Colorado Boulder

An Experimental Test of Verification Threats in Political Debate

Brendan Nyhan, Dartmouth College

The Roots of Sexual Prejudice

John B. Pryor, Illinois State University
John Ernst, Thomas More College

Status Effects of Gender

Lisa Rashotte, University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Murray Webster, University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Political Corruption and the Ethical Judgments of American Citizens

David Redlawsk, Rutgers University
James A McCann, Purdue University

Exploring the Generality of "Naive Realism": Perceptions of Bias in Others who Disagree with our Opinions

Glenn D. Reeder, Illinois State University
John B. Pryor, Illinois State University
Michael Griswell, Illinois State University

Determinants of Trust: A Comparative Analysis

Juergen Schupp, German Institute for Economic Research
Gert Wagner, German Institute for Economic Research

Capitalization, self-esteem, and building social resources

Shannon M. Smith, University of Rochester
Harry Reis, University of Rochester

Audience Costs in International Crises

Michael Tomz, Stanford University

Perception of Synergistic Risk: Adjusted Anchoring Vignettes for Optimized Measurement

Craig W. Trumbo, Colorado State University

Political Knowledge, Political Thought, and Citizen Competence

Mathieu Turgeon, University of North Texas

The Dynamics of System Justification

Cheryl J. Wakslak, University of Southern California
John T. Jost, New York University

Who has Narrow Brackets?

Georg Weizsacker, University College London

Studying the Effect of Income on Punitive Attitudes with a Two-List Factorial

James Yocom, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Sara Wakefield, Rutgers University-Newark


I Think, Therefore I Vote (Correctly?): Systematic Cognitive Processing and Electoral Behavior

David Barker, California State University
Susan B. Hansen, University of Pittsburgh

Assuming the Costs of War: The Effects of Knowledge of Casualty Rates on Support for Military Intervention

Adam Berinsky, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The Role of Gender Stereotypes in Mental Illness Stigma

Galen V. Bodenhausen, Northwestern University
James Wirth, University of North Florida

Trust and Risk

Iris Bohnet, Harvard University
Richard Zeckhauser, Harvard University

Tone and Information in Negative Campaign Advertising

Deborah Jordan Brooks, Dartmouth College
John Geer, Vanderbilt University

Affect and Cognition in Party Identification

Barry C. Burden, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Casey Klofstad, University of Miami

Shame, Blame and Contamination: Mental Illness Stigma and the Family

Patrick Corrigan, Illinois Institute of Technology
Amy Watson, University of Illinois at Chicago

General Prejudice Versus Discrete Emotions: Understanding Patterns of Intergroup Emotions

Catherine A. Cottrell, New College of Florida
Steven L. Neuberg, Arizona State University

Preferences for Immunization Coverage in Health Plans

Matthew M. Davis, University of Michigan
Kathryn Fant, University of Michigan

An Experiment on Vote Intention

John DiNardo, University of Michigan
Eric Turkheimer, University of Virginia
Thomas Guterbock, University of Virginia

Heritage or Hate: An Examination of Attitudes on the Georgia State Flag Controversy

Vincent L. Hutchings, University of Michigan
Hanes Walton, Jr., University of Michigan

Gender and Reactions to Political Campaigns

Cindy Kam, Vanderbilt University

Does it Help or Hurt Kerry if Nader is on the Ballot?

Walter R. Mebane, Jr., University of Michigan
Israel Waismel-Manor, University of Haifa

Measuring Perceptions and Attitudes about Overweight and Obesity

Eric Oliver, University of Chicago
Taeku Lee, University of California, Berkeley

Exploring the Social Bases of Attitude Strength

Penny S. Visser, University of Chicago

The Color of the Campaign: An Experimental Study of the Influence of Skin Color on Candidate Evaluation

Vesla M. Weaver, Yale University
Jennifer Hochschild, Harvard University

Racial Identification Confounds the Assessment of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in African-Americans

Monnica T. Williams, University of Louisville


Indirect Effects of Discredited Stereotypes: Social and Political Traits in Judgments of Jewish Leaders

Adam Berinsky, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tali Mendelberg, Princeton University

An Investigation of Order Effects in the Measurement of Aggression and Aggressive Cognition

Paul Boxer, Rutgers University, Newark and University of Michigan
Eric F. Dubow, Bowling Green State University and University of Michigan
Rowell Huesmann, University of Michigan

Us vs. Them?: How Threat Shapes Opinions about Immigration

Ted Brader, University of Michigan
Nick Valentino, University of Michigan
Elizabeth Suhay, Lafayette College

A Study on Race of Interviewer Effects Using Visual Cues

Mick P. Couper, University of Michigan
Maria Krysan, University of Illinois at Chicago

Chronic Losers and Democracy

Todd Donovan, Western Washington University
Shaun Bowler, University of California, Riverside

Self-Esteem, Organization of Thoughts about Partners, and Context-Dependence of Partner Views

Steven Graham, New College of Floriday
Margaret S. Clark, Yale University

Emotional Responses to Infidelity: Investigating Jealousy with a National Sample

Melanie C. Green, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
John Sabini, University of Pennsylvania

The Political Backlash Against Globalization? Framing Effects, Information, and Attitudes Toward International Trade

Michael J. Hiscox, Harvard University

Vote Over-Reporting: A Test of the Social Desirability Hypothesis

Allyson L. Holbrook, University of Illinois at Chicago
Jon A. Krosnick, Stanford University

Game Responses as Survey Instruments: Measuring the Constituents of Social Capital

Daniel Houser, George Mason University
Jason Shachat, Xiamen University
Jonathan W. Leland, National Science Foundation

Cognitive Representations of Social Groups and Support for Public Policies

Elizabeth Levy Paluck, Princeton University
Donald Green, Columbia University

Who Deserves a Helping Hand?: Attitudes about Government Assistance for the Unemployed by Race, Incarceration Status, and Worker History

Devah Pager, Harvard University
Jeremy Freese, Northwestern University

Recall vs. Judgment: Open-Closed Question Differences in Studying Collective Memory

Misperceptions of Public Opinion on Foreign Trade Policy and Their Implications

Alexander Todorov, Princeton University
Anesu N. Mandisodza, New York University

Consequences of Misperceptions of Public Opinion for Support of Specific Foreign Policies

Alexander Todorov, Princeton University
Anesu N. Mandisodza, New York University

A Behavioral Theory of Political Choice

Michael Tomz, Stanford University
Paul Sniderman, Stanford University

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