Work and Democratic Citizenship: A Theory of Ego Depletion and Political Participation
University of California, Riverside
Home page: http://facultyprofiles.ucr.edu/spp_dept/faculty/Benjamin_Newman/index.html
Field period: 11/16/2013-02/10/2015
In this project we combine the standard resource model of participation and the dual-process approach to political judgment and decision making by proposing a theoretical role for available cognitive resources. Our core claim is that when cognitive activities leave citizens depleted, they are (1) more likely to withdraw participation altogether, and (2) to the extent they do participate, the quality of such participation suffers relative to the non-depleted. We test these claims in an experimental study in which cognitive depletion is manipulated and randomly assigned.
Depleted (relative to non-depleted) individuals are less likely to consume political relative to other forms of information and entertainment.
Depleted (relative to non-depleted) individuals are more likely to rely on political heuristics and less likely to process political information systematically.
We experimentally manipulate cognitive depletion (versus non-depletion) through a simple task cognitive task (writing sentences) that is either very demanding or very simple.
We examine two dependent variables: (1) the choice to consume political versus other forms of media and entertainment, and (2) the extent to which citizens rely on partisan cues or relative strength of arguments in making a judgment about a public policy issue.
Our research is still in progress.